Tarbell DD- 142 - History

Tarbell DD- 142 - History


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Tarbell
(Destroyer No. 142: dp. 1,090; 1. 314'4~"; b. 30'11" (wl.); dr. 9'10Y4" (full); s. 36.12 k. (tl.); cpl. 122;a. 4 4", 2 3", 12 21" tt.; cl. Wickes)

Tarbell (Destroyer No. 142) was laid down on 31 December 1917 at Philadelphia, Pa., by William Cramp & Sons Ship & Engine Building Co., launched on 28 May 1918; sponsored by Miss Virgie Tarbell; and commissioned on 27 November 1918, Comdr. Halsey Powell in command.

Tarbell operated along the eastern seaboard until September of 1919 when she was reassigned to the Pacific Fleet. Based at San Francisco, she served with Destroyer Division 15, of Destroyer Flotilla 5 and Destroyer Squadron 4, until late January of 1920 when she joined Division 13 of the same flotilla and squadron. In February, her home yard was changed to Cavite in the Philippines, and, the following month, the destroyer joined the Asiatic Fleet. Tarbell served on the Asiatic Station until the summer of 1921, when she returned to the Pacific Fleet with her home yard at Puget Sound. She operated with the Pacific Fleet until she was decommissioned on 8 June 1922 and berthed at San Diego, Calif.

On 29 May 1930, Tarbell was recommissioned and assigned to Destroyer Division 11, Destroyer Squadron 10, Destroyer Squadrons, Battle Fleet. Her home port was San Diego until January 1931, when it was changed to Charleston, S.C. However, she remained assigned to the same administrative organization until March when she was reassigned to Destroyer Division 3 of the Scouting Force. Sometime between July and October of 1934, the destroyer changed home ports back to San Diego, but remained a part of the Scouting Force Destroyers. Late in 1936, Tarbell returned to the east coast to prepare for her second decommissioning, this time at Philadelphia.

She remained there until after war broke out in Europe in September 1939. To keep the war out of the Americas, President Franklin Roosevelt issued two Neutrality Proclamations on the 5th and ordered the Navy to form a Neutrality Patrol. A month later, on 4 October 1939, Tarbell was placed back in commission at Philadelphia, Lt. Comdr. Edward W. Rawlins in command. She operated in the Atlantic with the Neutrality Patrol for over two years before the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor jolted the United States into the war.

Tarbell's duties remained much the same after the United States entered the conflict. The destroyer continued to escort convoys and perform antisubmarine work in the northern Atlantic. She shuttled merchantmen back and forth across the ocean and operated out of the east coast ports on rescue missions to pick up survivors of torpedoed ships.

One such rescue mission occurred on 26 March 1942. A'Socony tanker, SS Dixie Arrow, was torpedoed off Cape Hatteras, N.C., and Tarbell's lookouts sighted her distress flares a little before 0900. The destroyer instantly rang up full speed; and, one half hour later, she arrived at the scene of the attack. She dropped a depth-charge barrage to drive off any U-boats lurking in the vicinity and then picked up 22 survivors. After a futile search for the enemy submarine, she disembarked the survivors at Morehead City, N.C.

In May 1942, the destroyer began helping in the surveillance of Vichy French warships in the Caribbean. To assure that those French ships were not turned over to the Germans and that, in accordance with the Panama Declaration, there be no transfer of European possessions in America to any non-American power, she was assigned a patrol area around Pointe-a-Pitre, Grand Terre Island, Guadeloupe, and her specific charge was the old training cruiser Jeanne D'Arc.

Her rescue missions continued along with observation missions. On the 16th she rescued 24 members of the crew of SS Lammont bapont, torpedoed four days out of New York. On the evening of 25 May, when word reached her at San Juan of a U-boat attack on Blakeley (DD-150), Tarbell got underway so rapidly that two of her officers and 13 crewmen were left behind in Puerto Rico. The following day, she picked up eight wounded Blakeley crewmen at Martinique and then participated in the search for the U boat until the afternoon of the 27th. On 2 June, Tarbell rescued 19 survivors of SS Alegrete. Two days later, the destroyer sighted survivors of the sinking of SS M. F. Elliott and brought them aboard, running her tally up to 31 men rescued on that mission.

Following additional escort duty in the Caribbean and in the Gulf of Mexico, Tarbell began screening transatlantic convoys in mid-May 1943. Her first voyage was in the escort of convoy UGS-9 which was augmented by the latest development in antisubmarine warfare (ASW) an escort carrier. The convoy reached Casablanca safely on 15 June. Tarbell returned to the United States at New York, underwent repairs, and conducted training before joining another Casablanca bound convoy in August. Upon her return to New York, the destroyer resumed local escort work until 22 October, when she departed New York in company with Croatan (CVE-25), Lea (DD-118), and Upshur (DD144) to cover the passage of another convoy. The unit steamed via Bermuda where it was joined by Albemarle ( AV-5), and arrived at Casablanca on 3 November. Following a short voyage to Gibraltar, Tarbell headed back across the Atlantic on 10 November. The return convoy entered New York harbor on the 21st.

The following month brought an availability, refresher training, and time spent in training prospective crews for destroyer-type warships. On 26 December, she departed Norfolk in company with Mission Bay ( CVE-59) and Destroyer Division 61 to cover convoy UGS-28 to North Africa, thence to operate as a hunter/ killer group in the vicinity of the Azores. On 31 December, Lea was severely damaged in a collision, and Tarbell took her in tow for Bermuda. On 3 January 1944, the destroyer was relieved of her towing duties by Cherokee (AT-66) and Twigge (DD-591) and caught up with the convoy at Horta in the Azores on the 7th.

After hunting submarines along the convoy routes, Tarbell's group reached Norfolk, Va., on 7 February, and the destroyer set out for a 10-day availability at Boston. Following that, she was assigned to the Air Force, Atlantic Fleet (AirLant) for air crew training operations off Provincetown, Mass. Relieved of that duty in April, she operated for a time in the screen of Ranger (CV-4) and Kassan Bay (CVE-69). From then until July 1945, she alternated between carrier escort duty and target ship duty with AirLant. On 20 July 1945, Tarbell was placed out of commission at Philadelphia. Her name was struck from the Navy list on 13 August 1945, and she was sold for scrapping on 30 November 1945 to the Boston Metal Salvage Co., Baltimore, Md.


Cumulative security update for Internet Explorer: September 12, 2017

This security update resolves several reported vulnerabilities in Internet Explorer. The most severe of these vulnerabilities could allow remote code execution if a user views a specially crafted webpage in Internet Explorer. To learn more about these vulnerabilities, see Microsoft Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures.

Additionally, see the following articles for more information about this cumulative update:

The fixes that are included in this Security Update for Internet Explorer 4036586 are also included in the September 2017 Security Monthly Quality Rollup. Installing either the Security Update for Internet Explorer or the Security Monthly Quality Rollup installs the fixes that are resolved in this update.

If you use update management processes other than Windows Update and you automatically approve all security updates classifications for deployment, this Security Update for Internet Explorer 4036586, the September 2017 Security Only Quality Update, and the September 2017 Security Monthly Quality Rollup are deployed. We recommend that you review your update deployment rules to make sure that the desired updates are deployed.

This Security Update for Internet Explorer is not applicable for installation on a computer where the Security Monthly Quality Rollup or the Preview of Monthly Quality Rollup from September 2017 (or a later month) is already installed. This is because those updates contain all fixes that are in this Security Update for Internet Explorer.

If you install a language pack after you install this update, you must reinstall this update. Therefore, we recommend that you install any language packs that you need before you install this update. For more information, see Add language packs to Windows.

Note With the rerelease of CVE-2017-8529 Microsoft has addressed previously known print issues related to this vulnerability however, to prevent the potential for any further print regressions, the solution for CVE-2017-8529 is turned off by default. To be fully protected from this vulnerability, you need to apply a registry change after installing the update. For more information, go to CVE-2017-8529.


Tarbell được đặt lườn vào ngày 31 tháng 12 năm 1917 tại xưởng tàu của hãng William Cramp & Sons ở Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Nó được hạ thủy vào ngày 28 tháng 5 năm 1918, được đỡ đầu bởi cô Virgie Tarbell, và được đưa ra hoạt động vào ngày 27 tháng 11 năm 1918 dưới quyền chỉ huy của Hạm trưởng, Trung tá Hải quân Halsey Powell.

Những năm giữa hai cuộc thế chiến Sửa đổi

Tarbell hoạt động tại khu vực dọc theo bờ Đông Hoa Kỳ cho đến tháng 9 năm 1919, khi nó được điều động sang Hạm đội Thái Bình Dương. Đặt căn cứ tại San Francisco, nó phục vụ cùng Đội khu trục 15 trực thuộc Chi hạm đội Khu trục 15 cho đến cuối tháng 1 năm 1920, khi nó gia nhập Đội khu trục 13 thuộc cùng Chi hạm đội. Sang tháng 2, cảng nhà của nó được chuyển đến Cavite ở Philippines, và đến tháng 3, chiếc tàu khu trục gia nhập Hạm đội Á Châu. Nó phục vụ tại Trạm Á Châu cho đến mùa Hè năm 1921, khi nó quay lại Hạm đội Thái Bình Dương và đặt cảng nhà tại Puget Sound. Nó tiếp tục hoạt động cùng Hạm đội Thái Bình Dương cho đến khi được cho xuất biên chế vào ngày 8 tháng 6 năm 1922 và neo đậu cùng Hạm đội Dự bị tại San Diego, California.

Tarbell được cho nhập biên chế trở lại vào ngày 29 tháng 5 năm 1930 và được phân về Đội khu trục 11 trực thuộc Hải đội Khu trục của Hạm đội Chiến trận. Cảng nhà của nó được đặt tại San Diego cho đến tháng 1 năm 1931, khi được chuyển đến Charleston, South Carolina. Tuy nhiên, nó vẫn tiếp tục nằm trong biên chế đơn vị cũ cho đến tháng 3, khi được phân về Đội khu trục 3 trực thuộc Lực lượng Tuần tiễu. Một lúc nào đó trong khoảng từ tháng 7 đến tháng 10 năm 1934, chiếc tàu khu trục chuyển cảng nhà trở lại San Diego, nhưng vẫn nằm trong thành phần Lực lượng Tuần tiễu. Đến cuối năm 1936, Tarbell quay trở lại vùng bờ Đông và được cho xuất biên chế lần thứ hai, lần này là tại Philadelphia.

Tarbell bị bỏ không cho đến khi chiến tranh nổ ra tại Châu Âu vào tháng 9 năm 1939. Để giữ cho Hoa Kỳ ở bên ngoài cuộc xung đột, Tổng thống Franklin D. Roosevelt công bố tình trạng trung lập vào ngày 5 tháng 9, và ra lệnh cho Hải quân tiến hành Tuần tra Trung lập. Một tháng sau, vào ngày 4 tháng 10 năm 1939, Tarbell được cho nhập biên chế trở lại tại Philadelphia dưới quyền chỉ huy của Hạm trưởng, Thiếu tá Hải quân Edward W. Rawlins, và hoạt động tuần tra tại khu vực Đại Tây Dương trong hơn hai năm trước khi Hải quân Nhật bất ngờ tấn công Trân Châu Cảng vào ngày 7 tháng 12 năm 1941, đẩy Hoa Kỳ vào chiến tranh.

Thế Chiến II Sửa đổi

Nhiệm vụ của Tarbell vẫn như trước đây: hộ tống các đoàn tàu vận tải và thực hiện tuần tra chống tàu ngầm tại khu vực Bắc Đại Tây Dương, bảo vệ các tàu buôn đi lại vượt đại dương, và hoạt động ngoài khơi các cảng duyên hải trong các nhiệm vụ cứu vớt thủy thủ đoàn các tàu bị trúng ngư lôi. Một nhiệm vụ cứu hộ như vậy diễn ra vào ngày 26 tháng 3 năm 1942, khi chiếc tàu chở dầu Dixie Arrow trúng ngư lôi ngoài khơi Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, và trinh sát của Tarbell nhìn thấy pháo hiệu cầu cứu lúc 09 giờ 00. Nó lập tức đi hết tốc độ, đến hiện trường tấn công chỉ một giờ rưỡi sau đó, thả mìn sâu đánh đuổi mọi tàu ngầm U-boat còn lãng vãng chung quanh rồi cứu được 22 người sống sót. Sau những nỗ lực vô vọng nhằm tìm kiếm tàu ngầm đối phương, nó tiễn những người sống sót lên bờ tại Morehead City, North Carolina.

Vào tháng 5 năm 1942, chiếc tàu khu trục bắt đầu giúp vào việc giám sát số tàu chiến của phe Vichy Pháp còn lại tại vùng biển Caribe. Nhằm đảm bảo các tàu chiến Pháp này không bị chuyển cho Đức Quốc xã, cũng như phù hợp với Tuyên bố Panama theo đó không chuyển giao sở hữu của châu Âu tại châu Mỹ cho mọi thế lực không phải ở châu Mỹ, nó được giao nhiệm vụ tuần tra chung quanh Pointe-à-Pitre, đảo Grand Terre, Guadeloupe, với mục tiêu đặc biệt là chiếc tàu tuần dương huấn luyện cũ Jeanne d'Arc.

Nhiệm vụ cứu hộ vẫn tiếp tục cùng với nhiệm vụ giám sát. Vào ngày 16 tháng 5, Tarbell cứu vớt 24 thành viên thủy thủ đoàn của chiếc Lammont Dupont, trúng ngư lôi bốn ngày trước đó ngoài khơi New York. Vào chiều tối ngày 25 tháng 5 tại San Juan, Puerto Rico, nhận được tin tức về một vụ tấn công U-boat nhắm vào tàu chị em Blakeley, nó vội vã lên đường, hấp tấp đến mức hai sĩ quan và 13 thủy thủ của nó bị bỏ lại Puerto Rico. Ngày hôm sau, nó đón tám thủy thủ của Blakeley bị thương tại Martinique, rồi tham gia vào việc truy tìm chiếc tàu ngầm U-boat cho đến xế trưa ngày 27 tháng 5. Đến ngày 2 tháng 6, nó cứu vớt 19 thành viên thủy thủ đoàn của chiếc Alegrete. Hai ngày sau, chiếc tàu khu trục nhìn thấy những người sống sót của chiếc M.F Elliot đang bị chìm, và vớt được 31 người.

Sau các nhiệm vụ hộ tống khác tại vùng biển Caribe và vịnh Mexico, Tarbell bắt đầu hộ tống các đoàn tàu vận tải vượt Đại Tây Dương từ giữa tháng 5 năm 1943. Chuyến hải hành đầu tiên là hộ tống cho Đoàn tàu UGS-9 vốn được tăng cường một phương tiện mới nhất trong chiến tranh chống tàu ngầm: tàu sân bay hộ tống. Đoàn tàu đi đến Casablanca an toàn vào ngày 15 tháng 6 và nó quay trở về New York để sửa chữa và tiến hành huấn luyện trước khi tham gia một đoàn tàu vận tải khác hướng đến Casablanca vào tháng 8. Sau khi quay trở về New York, nó tham gia các hoạt động hộ tống tại chỗ cho đến ngày 22 tháng 10, khi nó rời New York cùng với tàu sân bay hộ tống Croatan và các tàu chị em LeaUpshur bảo vệ một đoàn tàu vận tải khác. Đơn vị đi ngang qua Bermuda, nơi có Albemarle cùng gia nhập, và đi đến Casablanca vào ngày 3 tháng 11. Sau một chuyến đi ngắn đến Gibraltar, Tarbell quay trở về vào ngày 10 tháng 11, vượt Đại Tây Dương và về đến cảng New York vào ngày 21 tháng 11.

Trong tháng tiếp theo, nó được bảo trì và huấn luyện ôn tập, cũng như trải qua đợt huấn luyện nhân sự tương lai cho loại tàu chiến kiểu khu trục. Vào ngày 26 tháng 12, nó rời Norfolk cùng với tàu sân bay hộ tống Mission Bay và Đội khu trục 61 để hộ tống cho Đoàn tàu UGS-28 đi Bắc Phi rồi từ đây hoạt động như một đội tìm/diệt tại khu vực phụ cận Azores. Vào ngày 31 tháng 12, Lea bị hư hại nặng do va chạm, và nó đã kéo chiếc tàu chị em đến Bermuda. Đến ngày 3 tháng 1 năm 1944, nó được CherokeeTwiggs thay phiên nhiệm vụ kéo, rồi bắt kịp trở lại đoàn tàu vận tải tại Horta thuộc quần đảo Azores vào ngày 7 tháng 1.

Sau các hoạt động săn tìm tàu ngầm dọc đường đi vận tải, đội của Tarbell về đến Norfolk vào ngày 7 tháng 2, và chiếc tàu khu trục trải qua 10 ngày sửa chữa tại Boston. Sau đó, nó được phân về Lực lượng Không quân của Hạm đội Đại Tây Dương cho các hoạt động huấn luyện đội bay ngoài khơi Provincetown, Massachusetts. Được tách khỏi nhiệm vụ này vào tháng 4, nó hoạt động trong một thời gian hộ tống các tàu sân bay RangerKasaan Bay. Từ đó cho đến tháng 7 năm 1945, nó luân phiên giữa nhiệm vụ hộ tống tàu sân bay và nhiệm vụ tàu mục tiêu huấn luyện cho không lực hải quân. Vào ngày 20 tháng 7 năm 1945, Tarbell được cho ngừng hoạt động tại Philadelphia. Tên nó được rút khỏi danh sách Đăng bạ Hải quân vào ngày 13 tháng 8 năm 1945, và nó bị bán vào ngày 30 tháng 11 năm 1945 cho hãng Boston Metal Salvage Company tại Baltimore, Maryland để tháo dỡ.


&aposThe History of the Standard Oil Company&apos

Like many young journalists of her era, Tarbell had become concerned by the proliferation of monopolies and trusts. In 1900 she proposed a series of articles in which she would use her experiences as a child during the South Improvement scandal to illustrate her points and spent the next several years deeply immersed in research on the Standard Oil Company and John D. Rockefeller’s business practices.

Titled The History of the Standard Oil Company, the first installment was published by McClure’s in 1902 and was so immediately successful that what had been originally planned as a three-part series was eventually expanded to a 19-part work. In it she exposed Standard’s often questionable practices, including those surrounding the events that had so greatly impacted her family and others in their area decades earlier. The last installment was published in October 1904, at which point it was collected in a book of the same title.

Tarbell’s exhaustive study not only gave rise to a new style of investigative journalism sometimes referred to as muckraking but also was instrumental in the 1911 dismantling of the Standard Oil Company behemoth, which was determined to be in violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act.  


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Product Description

USS Tarbell DD 142

"Personalized" Canvas Ship Print

(Not just a photo or poster but a work of art!)

Every sailor loved his ship. It was his life. Where he had tremendous responsibility and lived with his closest shipmates. As one gets older his appreciation for the ship and the Navy experience gets stronger. A personalized print shows ownership, accomplishment and an emotion that never goes away. It helps to show your pride even if a loved one is no longer with you. Every time you walk by the print you will feel the person or the Navy experience in your heart (guaranteed).

The image is portrayed on the waters of the ocean or bay with a display of her crest if available. The ships name is printed on the bottom of the print. What a great canvas print to commemorate yourself or someone you know who may have served aboard her.

The printed picture is exactly as you see it. The canvas size is 8"x10" ready for framing as it is or you can add an additional matte of your own choosing. If you would like a larger picture size (11"x 14") on a 13" X 19" canvas simply purchase this print then prior to payment purchase additional services located in the store category (Home) to the left of this page. This option is an additional $12.00. The prints are made to order. They look awesome when matted and framed.

We PERSONALIZE the print with "Name, Rank and/or Years Served" or anything else you would like it to state (NO ADDITIONAL CHARGE). It is placed just above the ships photo. After purchasing the print simply email us or indicate in the notes section of your payment what you would like printed on it. Example:

United States Navy Sailor
YOUR NAME HERE
Proudly Served Sept 1963 - Sept 1967

This would make a nice gift and a great addition to any historic military collection. Would be fantastic for decorating the home or office wall.

The watermark "Great Naval Images" will NOT be on your print.

This photo is printed on Archival-Safe Acid-Free canvas using a high resolution printer and should last many years.

Because of its unique natural woven texture canvas offers a special and distinctive look that can only be captured on canvas. The canvas print does not need glass thereby enhancing the appearance of your print, eliminating glare and reducing your overall cost.

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This photo of USS Tarbell DD 142 personalized print on canvas is exactly as you see it with the matte printed around it. You will have the choice of two print sizes, either 8″x10″ or 11″x14″. The print will be ready for framing, or you can add an additional matte of your own choosing then you can mount it in a larger frame. Your personalized print will look awesome when you frame it.

We PERSONALIZE your print of the USS Tarbell DD 142 with your name, rank and years served and there is no ADDITIONAL CHARGE for this option. After you place your order you can simply email us or indicate in the notes section of your payment what you would like printed. For example:

United States Navy Sailor
YOUR NAME HERE
Proudly Served: Your Years Here

This would make a nice gift for yourself or that special Navy veteran you may know, therefore, it would be fantastic for decorating the home or office wall.

The watermark “Great Naval Images” will NOT be on your print.

Media Type Used:

The USS Tarbell DD 142 photo is printed on Archival-Safe Acid-Free canvas using a high-resolution printer and should last many years. The unique natural woven texture canvas offers a special and distinctive look that can only be captured on canvas. Most sailors loved his ship. It was his life. Where he had tremendous responsibility and lived with his closest shipmates. As one gets older, the appreciation for the ship and the Navy experience will get stronger. The personalized print shows ownership, accomplishment and an emotion that never goes away. When you walk by the print you will feel the person or the Navy experience in your heart.

We have been in business since 2005 and our reputation for having great products and customer satisfaction is indeed exceptional. You will, therefore, enjoy this product guaranteed.


The Election of Abraham Lincoln

The politics of the day were as stormy as the anti-slavery campaigns. All of the issues of the young nation were dividing the political parties and reshaping the established two-party system of Whigs and Democrats.

The Democratic party was divided between factions in the North and South. At the same time, the conflicts surrounding Kansas and the Compromise of 1850 transformed the Whig party into the Republican party (established in 1854). In the North, this new party was seen as both anti-slavery and for the advancement of the American economy. This included the support of industry and encouraging homesteading while advancing educational opportunities. In the South, Republicans were seen as little more than divisive.

The presidential election of 1860 would be the deciding point for the Union. Abraham Lincoln represented the new Republican Party and Stephen Douglas, the Northern Democrat, was seen as his biggest rival. The Southern Democrats put John C. Breckenridge on the ballot. John C. Bell represented the Constitutional Union Party, a group of conservative Whigs hoping to avoid secession.

The country's divisions were clear on Election Day. Lincoln won the North, Breckenridge the South, and Bell the border states. Douglas won only Missouri and a portion of New Jersey. It was enough for Lincoln to win the popular vote, as well as 180 electoral votes.

Even though things were already near a boiling point after Lincoln was elected, South Carolina issued its "Declaration of the Causes of Secession" on December 24, 1860. They believed that Lincoln was anti-slavery and in favor of Northern interests.

President James Buchanan's administration did little to quell the tension or stop what would become known as "Secession Winter." Between Election Day and Lincoln's inauguration in March, seven states seceded from the Union: South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas.

In the process, the South took control of federal installations, including forts in the region, which would give them a foundation for war. One of the most shocking events occurred when one-quarter of the nation's army surrendered in Texas under the command of General David E. Twigg. Not a single shot was fired in that exchange, but the stage was set for the bloodiest war in American history.


Motown soul singer Tammi Terrell dies

Over a span of just 12 months beginning in April 1967, the duo of Marvin Gaye and Tammi Terrell enjoyed a string of four straight hits with some of the greatest love songs ever recorded at Motown Records. Sadly, only the first two of those four hits were released while Tammi Terrell was still well enough to perform them. In October 1967, just six months after the release of the now-classic 𠇊in’t No Mountain High Enough,” Terrell collapsed onstage during a live performance at Virginia’s Hampden-Sydney College. Two-and-a-half years later, on March 16, 1970, Tammi Terrell died of complications from the malignant brain tumor that caused her 1967 collapse.

Terrell’s illness was at first downplayed by the Motown Records publicity machine while new material by the duo of Gaye and Terrell was still being released. Many of the singles released under their names were created by laying Marvin Gaye’s vocals over existing recordings of Terrell made prior to her illness. Gaye scored one of his biggest solo hits ever during this period with “I Heard It Through the Grapevine,” but following Terrell’s death in 1970, he stopped performing live for the next three years.


4. Sinclair felt the public missed the point of his book.

By depicting the trials and tribulations of the Rudkus family, Sinclair hoped to bring attention to the plight of immigrant laborers, whose working conditions, he believed, amounted to “wage slavery.” An acquaintance recalled him saying that he had come to Chicago to write the “Uncle Tom’s Cabin” of the labor movement. Most readers, however, instead fixated on his descriptions of rotten meat, filled with toxic chemicals, dirt, sawdust and rat droppings, that went out for sale. In the book’s most famous passage, Sinclair even wrote of laborers falling into vats and being turned into lard. “I aimed at the public’s heart,” he famously remarked, 𠇊nd by accident I hit it in the stomach.”

Cartoon depicting President Theodore Roosevelt’s passage of the Meat Inspection Act.


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